• sábado, 16 de maio de 2015

    The upward march of Man’s ancestors

    Brasília, Distrito Federal (Brasil)
    Eleni Frangatos -

    Jorge Hessen
    Did “cave” men have deep awareness? "Researchers at the University of York have discovered that the Neanderthal man had a great sense of compassion. The conclusion came through archaeological evidence and by watching how emotions took place in our ancestors six million years ago, when man and chimpanzees’ ancestors, common to both, experienced the awakening of the first feelings. For archaeologists, about 1.8 million years ago, Homo erectus had a sense of compassion with rational thought evidenced through actions such as to care for the sick and to pay special attention to the dead, demonstrating grief and desire to soften the others’ suffering.” (1) 

    We believe that the graves dating from the Paleolithic era have proven already that at that time they already believed in life after death and in the power or influence of their ancestors on the daily life of the family group. Clan members practiced rites in honor of their dead in fear of reprisals, or to be benefited, or by the simple fact of considering them deified beings.

    Now, the puzzling question is how did primate become hominid? The answer is still unknown. There is still a “missing link", the biological species that represents this transition. "It can be said that due to the influence and intellectual action of more developed Spirits (than the apes), the wrap has changed, became more refined, maintaining its general shape. With the improvement of the body, and enlightenment of the Spirit, a new species appeared.” (2) Allan Kardec explains that "we do not know how the Spirits were created, where do they come from. We only know that they are created simple and ignorant, i.e., with no science and no knowledge, however, with the possibility of becoming perfect and of acquiring all and know all”.(3) The Spirit Andre Luiz states that "to reach the age of reason, with the title of man endowed with reasoning and judgment, the being automated in its impulses and on its way to the angelic kingdom, it took nothing less than a billion and a half years”.(4) 

    Many of the changes that took place in the "homo" were developed in his perispiritual structures, between one life and another (i. e., in the spiritual dimension). The Spirits that perform as builders, under the supervision of Christ, once in a while touched up the perispirit forms, and these changes created the magnetic field for future changes. Multiple experiences, within the genetic heritage of our ancestors, coordinated by sidereal geneticists were shaping those forms, which persisted to the present time. Natural selection was in charge of doing away with the unfit primitive forms.

    Permanent lineage for all species 

    As stated by Emmanuel, science seeks presently for the legitimate ancestors of human beings in this vast arena of soul’s evolution. "In the Tertiary period (5), under the guidance of spiritual spheres, some anthropoid races could be seen in the lower Pliocene (5.3 million to 1.6 million years ago). These apes, man’s ancestors on Earth, and the ancestors of apes, which still exist in the world, suffered their evolution at convergent points, hence the serological kinship between the body of the modern man and of today's chimpanzee”.(6) For the author of "Surrender", there was hardly a "coming down the tree" at the beginning of human evolution. "The spiritual forces that guide the earthly phenomena, under the guidance of Christ, established, at the time of the great malleability of the elements of matter, a definitive lineage for all species, within which the spiritual principle would find the process of its purification in its march to reach rationality”. (7)

    The anthropoids of the caves spread then in groups through the Earth, in the slow course of the centuries, suffering the influences of the environment and forming the early indications of the future races in its diverse types; the reality, however, is that the spiritual entities helped the silex man, giving him new biological expressions.

    The millennia saw these drastic experiences of the these beings with "long arms and very hairy, until one day the invisible Spirits operated a definite transition in the existing perispiritual body of these men, and the first primitive men appeared with an improved body, tending to the elegance of the future”.(8) 

    Death and "civilization" 

    Man only begins to be a Man when he starts to bury his dead, so says the historian, Anibal de Almeida Fernandes, on "The Genealogy as a basic factor in the formation of Civilization", and concludes: It is the dividing line between the animal and the first man, and it occurred about 40,000 years ago with the Homo sapiens and the Homo Neanderthal, even before agriculture was known, and it is the beginning of Human History. Worshipping the dead began, therefore, at a very early date and it can be found in almost all religions.

    Primitive communities inclined to worship agriculture and to the cult of fertility, believed originally that, by burying their dead near the farmland, the spirits of those dead bodies would reappear stronger, just as the seeds planted in fertile soil, but they also believed that this would happen as something secret and mysterious. Believing this, they revered their dead nearby the graves, with parties and, above all, with great joy, a practice that is still alive in some contemporary cultures. 

    The habits of primitive peoples changed due to the influence of others, coming probably from North Africa (the Iberians) and from Central Europe (the Celts). Let us see what one of the exponents of the Doctrine says: "The celebration of the dead comes from the Gauls (…) but, instead of celebrating the memory of their beloved ones, their friends, who were apart, but not lost, in cemeteries, among the graves, they did it at home. And sometimes these spirits manifested themselves through the Druid priestesses and the inspired bards." (9) The Gauls evoked their dead ancestors in places where there were rough stones.

    The Druid (priestesses) and the bards (poets and inspired speakers) were true "mediums" and only they were allowed to consult the oracles (in Antiquity, it was the response of a deity, who had been consulted about a certain matter). The Gauls, therefore, did not worship the dead body, but the surviving soul, and it was in the privacy of each home that they celebrated the memory of their dead, away from the catacombs, differently to the primitive peoples. 

    The arrival of cosmic aliens 

    Where did these “Intelligences” come from? The Spirit Emmanuel clarifies us, “many millennia ago, one of the orbs of “Capela” (Chapel) (10), which holds many affinities with our Earth, reached the top of one of its extraordinary evolutionary cycles. Some millions of rebellious Spirits, who lived there, in their path to evolution, were making life difficult for the consolidation of the tough achievements of those people full of piety and virtue. However, an overall cleansing took place, separating these Spirits and getting rid of them, thus doing justice to those who had achieved permanent peace and harmony to build their superior work”.(11) 

    The great spiritual communities, principals of the Cosmos, "deliberated, then, to locate those entities that had become obstinate in crime here in the distant Earth. They were supposed to accomplish, through pain and heavy work on their environment, not only the great achievements of their heart, but also to help and boost the progress of their inferior brothers. These distressed and afflicted beings would be banished in the dark face of the planet Earth. Therefore, they would reincarnate within ignorant and primitive races, and they would walk around despised in the night of millennia feeling sorrow and longing for their lost paradise in distant Heavens”. (12) Nature still was, for the workers of spirituality, a vast field of infinite experiences; in such a way that “if the observations of Mendel were transferred to those distant millennia, no definitive equation in their biology studies would be found. Modern genetics would not fix the term "genes" because, in the laboratory of the invisible forces, the cells still suffered long purification processes, by printing in them the astral elements, consolidating the final expressions, with a view to future organizations”.(13) 

    Savage solidarity? 

    Archaeologists believe that, during the period of time from 500,000 to 40,000 years (the interregnum), feeling evolved and the first humans, such as the Homo Heidelbergensis and the Neanderthals, already showed commitment to the well-being of other similar creatures, shown during a long youth and through need of hunting together. We believe that "we are not miraculous creations, intended for the adornment of a cardboard paradise. We are, yes, children of God and heirs of the world, conquering values, from one experience to another, from millennium to millennium." (14) With the conquest of reason, reasoning appears, as well as clarity, free will and continuous thought. "Until then, progress had a centripetal direction (from the outside to the inside); the human being grew by force of circumstances, since it was not aware of his reality, or his freedom of choice. Upon entering the hominal kingdom, the intelligent principle - now yes, Spirit - is able to direct his life, to conquer his values, through his own efforts, to begin an evolution in a centrifugal direction (from the inside to the outside).” (15)

    But the conquest of intelligence is only the first step that the Spirit will give during his stay in the hominal kingdom. "He started the valiant fight to conquer the higher values of the soul: responsibility, sensitivity, sublimation of emotions, in short, all the conditioning that will allow the Spirit raise up to the community of Angelic Beings.” (16) Premonitory dreams, visions of spirits, hearing the voice of the dead, including the direct voice phenomena, and the materialization of spirits were concrete facts that led primitive man to the belief in the continuation of life after death.

    From the Neanderthals mediums came directly the sorcerers, ancient priests of all religions. (17) 

    Earth sentiment and humanizing 

    "Man is the measure of all things", according to a sophist principle attributed to Protagoras. However, this measure is based on affection, so to speak, and with no control of reason. Therefore, Herculano Pires says, "it is by feeling, and not by reason, that the primitive man humanizes the world”. (18) Thus, scientific theories are confirmed when they state that the prehistoric man already had the feeling of compassion in his rational thinking and shown through effective measures he took regarding other similar creatures. 

    Notes and references: 

    (1) Published in the Galileo Magazine available on site.

    (2) Kardec, Allan. “Genesis", Rio de Janeiro: FEB 1997 Chapter 11, a. "Hypothesis on the origin of the human body".

    (3) Kardec, Allan. Posthumous Works, Rio de Janeiro: FEB, 1999, § 3, First Part.

    (4) Xavier, Francisco Candido and Waldo Vieira. Evolution in Two Worlds, dictated by the Spirit Andre Luiz, Rio de Janeiro; Publisher: FEB, 1994.

    (5) The tertiary and quaternary designations are remnants of a previous geological nomenclature, when they were used to distinguish the younger rocks. The oldest ones were then classified as primary and secondary. The Tertiary era is subdivided into five periods: Paleocene (66.4 to 57.8 million years), Eocene (57.8 to 36.6 million years), Oligocene (36.6 to 23.7 million years), Miocene (23.7 to 5.3 million years) and Pliocene (5.3 million to 1.6 million years). The quaternary period is divided in turn in Pleistocene (1.6 million years to ten thousand years) and Holocene, or the present period (for the last ten thousand years).

    (6) Xavier, Francisco Candido. The Path of Light, dictated by the Spirit Emmanuel, Rio de Janeiro; Ed. FEB 1991.

    (7) Ibid.

    (8) Ibid.

    (9) Denis, Leon. The Celtic genius and the invisible world. Rio de Janeiro: Publisher: CELD. 1995. Page 180.

    (10) Capela (Chapel) is a magnificent Sun, many times larger than our Sun. The distance from our Earth to Capela (Chapel) is measured in 42 light-years. It is known since ancient times. Capela (Chapel) is a gaseous star, according to the celebrated astronomer and physicist Arthur Stanley Eddington, Englishman, and its matter is so fluidic matter that its density can be mistaken with the air we breathe.

    (11) Xavier, Francisco Candido. The Path of Light, dictated by the Spirit Emmanuel, Rio de Janeiro; Publisher: FEB, 1991.

    (12) Ibid.

    (13) Ibid.

    (14) Ibid.

    (15) Ibid.

    (16) Xavier, Francisco Candido and Waldo Vieira. Evolution in Two Worlds, dictated by the Spirit Emmanuel, Rio de Janeiro; Publisher: FEB, 1994.

    (17) Djalma Argollo. Mediumship studies before Kardec Codification

    (18) J. Herculano Pires. The Spirit and the Time, Anthropological Introduction to Spiritism, Sao Paulo: Edicel 1979, 3rd edition.

    quarta-feira, 29 de dezembro de 2010

    Religions and the sublime principle of beneficence


    We have many religions, but little religiosity. Christianity, nowadays, is the most popular religion, around 2 billion
    people, and is divided into three groups: Catholicism,
    Orthodox and Protestantism

    Jesus was the first social worker we had in History. Before the proposals of the modern psychological science, defended by renowned researchers, the Master, two thousand years ago, proved that the true happiness is not individual, but the sum of happiness of people we live with. Solidarity and beneficence are the chief foundations of living well. We talk about religion and label our belief; however, if we don’t help others, we’ll never get to spiritual maturity.

    On Earth, there were many denominations showing the path of beneficence. Some of them joined together, while others fought themselves and the message, which showed the way to charity, was stuck for the lack of love among us.

    We have many religions, but little religiosity. Christianity, nowadays, is the most popular religion, around 2 billion people, and is divided into three groups: Catholicism, Orthodox and Protestantism. The Christian movement is organized, first, in Jerusalem and is, at first, a movement inside Judaism. Later, Christians are persecuted by the Roman Empire. Situation changes in 313, when the emperor Constantine gave them freedom of religion. In 392, Christianity becomes the official religion of the Empire, and missionaries are sent too many parts of Europe to settle churches, occupying the whole continent. At the end of Middle Age, the European expansion takes Christianity to America and Asia. From the 19th century on the missionaries arrive, also, at Africa and East Asia, spreading the Gospel worldwide.

    In this point of the text, we take a break to define briefly some religious points [i] and we start with Catholicism. The term is derived from the Greek katholikos (universal). The adoption of this name comes from the idea of a church that can be accepted and take the message everywhere, by everyone. It is associated with the expansion of the Roman Empire and the appearance of new kingdoms inside this one. Its diffusion is due to the development of the western civilization and the process of colonization of other peoples. Today, Catholicism has more than 1 billion of followers, nearly 18,7% of world population. Most of them (about 39%) are in Latin America. O Brazil being the first one. According to IBGE, 120 millions of Brazilians in 1991 were said to be Catholics (about 83% of the population).[ii]

    Protestantism began with the so-called Protestant Reform, started by Martin Luther

    From the Church of Rome, appears the Catholic Charismatic Renovation in the USA, in the 60’s, in disagreement with some norms of the Vatican. In this trail, is born, in the same decade, the Theology of Liberty, mainly in Latin America, where we single out the Brazilian Leonardo Boff, one of the founders of the movement. In his book “Jesus Christ Redeemer” (1972), Boff admits some Marxist theories in the analysis of third-world societies.

    About Protestantism[iii], we know it began with the so-called Protestant Reform, started by Martin Luther, in the 16th century, when they break loose from the Catholic Church. Luther’s criticism to Catholicism started in 1517. The German defends that faith is the fundamental element for saving the individual and condemns the Sales of indulgence by the Church and the slackening of habits of the clergy at the time. Protestantism is divided into historical Protestantism, created at the Reform, and Pentecostal Protestantism, which started in the beginning of

    the 20th century. It’s calculated that Protestantism has around 500 million followers all over the world. Brazil has the largest base of Protestants in South America, around 13 million people, according to a Datafolha poll in 1994.[iv]

    Judaism is considered the first monotheist religion of mankind. Chronologically, is the first of the three religions originated from Abraham (the others are Christianity and Islamism). There are, currently, around 13.5 million of Jewish in the world, 4 million in Israel. In Brazil, according to IBGE, there were about 86 thousand in 1991. The Jewish Federation of the State of São Paulo says that, today, this number is of 110 thousand.[v]

    Islamism is a monotheist religion based on the teachings of Muhammad, contained in the Islamic book, the “Qur'an” (of Arabic al-Qur’an, reading)[vi]. The world Islam means submit and express the submission to the will of Allah (God in Arabic). It is believed to have more than 1 billion of followers (18% of world population), especially in North Africa, Middle East and Asia. There are two factions of Islamism – Sunni Islam and Shia Islam. It is believed that 83% of Muslims follow Sunni Islam. For them, the spiritual authority belongs to the community as a whole. Shia Islam followers (16% of Muslims) believe in Ali, Fatimah’s husband, Muhammad’s

    daughter. Their descendents would have the key to interpret the teachings of Islam. They are leaders of community and followers of the spiritual mission of Muhammad. The rivalry with Sunni Islam is tragically exaggerated, mainly after the Iranian revolution led by Ruhollah Khomeini.[vii]

    Spiritism is a religious doctrine based on the belief of existence
    of the Spirit, regardless of the body

    There are the principles of Hinduism, a set of concepts, doctrines and religious practices that started in India in 2000 b.C. They are based on Vedas[viii]. Its main characteristics are the polytheism and reincarnation. It’s believed that, today, there are more than one billion adepts.

    Buddhism is an ethical, religious and philosophical system, founded by the Hindu prince Siddhartha Gautama (563 b.C.?-483 b.C.?), Buddha, around VI b.C. It teaches how to overcome suffering and reach nirvana[ix] through mental discipline and a correct form of life. Confucianism is another religious doctrine of the Western world, and, also, a philosophy, political ideology. It’s a legacy of literary tradition, based on the ideas of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 b.C.-479 b.C.). It remained as the official doctrine of China, for almost two thousand years, from the 2nd until the beginning of the 20th century. Currently, 25% of the Chinese population claim to live according to this doctrine. Outside China, Confucianism has about 6.3 million followers, mainly in Japan, South Korea and Singapore.[x] In Confucianism, there are no priests or churches. The five essential virtues are: love, justice, follow the rules of conduct, auto conscience of the Will of Heaven and disinterested sincerity. Only those who respect others are able to carry out their social duties.

    Spiritism is a religious doctrine based on the belief of existence of the Spirit, regardless of the body, and its return to Earth for successive incarnations, until being perfect. Its main current is, for some, Kardec’s, formulated in 1857, with “The Spirits’ Book”, by the French professor, Allan Kardec (1804-1869), pseudonym of Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail. Spiritism claims that reincarnations allow the constant evolution of the spirit to make up for their previous mistakes. All faults can be repaired. There is no worldwide statistic about the number of followers of Spiritism. In Brazil, according to IBGE, around 1.6 million people said they were Spiritist in 1991. According to a poll released in 1994, by Datafolha, this number gets to 5.5 million.[xi] Currently, nearly 20 million of Brazilians have some bond with Spiritism.

    The religions teach about the importance of beneficence. Spiritism says that “Out of charity there is no salvation”. The High Spirits warn us that without charity all religious faith is a useless worship; hope is nothing but a flower unable to bloom and philanthropy itself is a game of shiny words, in which the naked and hungry, the needy and sick used to perish uttering curses.

    Christ asks us cooperation for planting the Gospel that Spiritism teaches

    The Spirit Neio Lúcio says, in the last chapter of his book “JESUS AT HOME”, the following excerpt: "(...) after the last domestic service at the house of Peter, at the eve of embarking to the city of Sidon, the Master opened the book of Isaiah and commented on it wisely, and after the prayer he said: - Lord, help those who are happy despite being poor, miserable and alone.(...)Rise those who fell under the excess of material comfort ".[xii] (our highlight).

    “In a beautiful apologue, says Rabindranath Tagore that a farmer, homebound, with the day’s harvest, noticed that, on the other way, a beautiful carriage, covered with stars. Amazed, in awe, he saw it pulling over, and along with it, he recognized the presence of the Lord of the World, who asked him something, anything...

    What? – he said, astonished – the Lord of Life asking something from me, being a slave to the soil? Excited and silent, he went for his pocket and gave him a grain of his precious cargo. The Lord thanked and left. When, however, the poor man of the field realized, he noticed some glitter coming out of his pocket... The grain of wheat, from what he gifted the Lord, was back to the back, but in the shape of a grain of gold... Astonished, he said:

    -Fool of me!... Why didn’t I give it all to the Lord of Life? [xiii]..

    Nowadays on Earth, when materialism compromises edifications of faith, in the way of men, we know that Christ asks us cooperation for planting the Gospel that Spiritism teaches. And, proposing this humble article to the kindness of Jesus, I say it out:

    “-Oh! Lord!... I understand the meaning of your requests and the greatness of your munificence, but forgive me for little I am, if I can’t give you anything else!” [xiv]

    The lesson is clear and expressive enough. That’s why, shall we reflect upon it, so that we don’t remain in the shadow of egoism, in the form of religious practice, just for the sake of etiquette.

    [i] Cf. Almanaque Abril 98

    [ii] idem

    [iii] The name protestant is attributed, at the time, to the backers of the Reform who protest against the Diet (assembly summoned up by the kings) of Speyer (1529). The Protestant Church, also known as Evangelical, claims the re-approximation of Church with the primitive Christianity.

    [iv] Cf. Almanaque Abril 98

    [v] idem

    [vi] Selection of diverse transcendental revelations received by Muhammad from 610 to 632.

    [vii] Cf. Almanaque Abril 98

    [viii] knowledge, in Sanskrit, set of sacred texts composed of hymns and rites

    [ix] State of soul in total peace and tranquility

    [x] Cf. Almanaque Abril 98

    [xi] idem

    [xii] Xavier, Francisco Cândido. Jesus at Home, Dictated by the Spirit Neio Lúcio, RJ: Ed. FEB, 2002

    [xiii] Dedicatory by Ismael Gomes Braga in the book Letters and Chronicles, psychographed by Chico Xavier, dictated by the Spirit Irmão X, RJ: ed. FEB, 1966.

    [xiv] Idem

    Reflections on the impact of thoughts in the therapy of cancer

    Alcíone Fagundes dos Santos -

    Faith does not change the laws of nature, does not make miracles, but can help the work of a very good medical team, making big difference in a hospital treatment

    It is common, after overcoming a cancer, that patients need emotional support for returning to their routine of life, because they are still need special care, physically and emotionally, knowing that each case involves specific aspects. Because steps are many and painful: diagnosis, examinations, research, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other medical procedures, the recovering person is fragile and requires careful monitoring.

    Winning a cancer and immediately return to an active life, although there isn’t the rule, does not mean that the disease cannot be won. According to reports of patients, suffering is not only from the disease itself, but also from treatments themselves, often marked by side effects. It is common to observe emotional wounds and changes in the style of living of patients and their family. To minimize a little the traumas left by the therapeutic process, emotional support relieves distress and fear of recurrence.

    Spiritists are aware that patients, when arrive at the hospital, brings with themselves, in addition to their disease, their history of past and current life. Their emotional state is the result of vectors and structure of personality, interpretation and experience of events, considering aspects of imaginary and real, and other variables of causes of disease.

    Science and technology increasingly allow early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of disease, monitoring its development and even obtaining success in many cases.

    Mind can influence the outcome of treatment

    However, even with such scientific advances, many diseases promote organic, emotional and social changes, that require constant care, and therefore adaptive processes. Remember, above all, "the valuable contribution of academic medicine, when is not accompanied by a good doctor-patient relationship, results incomplete to achieve the excruciating causes of disease and distress." (1)

    Currently, studies are made on optimism, spirituality, creativity, religious faith and especially, the complex universe of thought that have been associated with the welfare and quality of life of people with chronic diseases. Furthermore, research on human health that is analysing if mind, through a psychological or emotional state has the ability to cure disease.

    A study done by scientists of the University of Pennsylvania, in the United States, attempts to demonstrate that the fact that people with cancer are optimistic or pessimistic does not directly influence the chances of survival to the disease. For consistent reasons, we disagree with these arguments; since evidence suggests that in several cases of serious illnesses (such as advanced cancer), mind (the way of thinking) can influence the outcome of treatment, not disconsider the value of doctors, of course.

    Strictly speaking, faith (in the concept of common sense) does not change the laws of nature, does not make "miracles", but it may help, concurrently, the work of a good medical team, making large difference in hospital treatment.

    Facing disease many people transform pain into hope

    It is imperative and appropriate to consider, that stating that one has religious faith to "feel" powerful when facing disease does not solve the issue of pain, because the "titles of faith” are not mere words to cover our deficiencies and weaknesses. They express duties of improvement that we cannot escape without further obligations. In our circles of work, thus, it not enough simply believe and convince. " (2)

    There are specialists who support this argument, considering that the look optimistic about disease, and firm thought in healing are powerful mechanisms that can help patients cope better with the treatment of cancer and resume a normal life. As an example we have what happens to the Vice-President of Brazil - José Alencar. Currently, more and more people are surviving cancer and this survival, are related, without doubt, to emotions and thoughts, rich content of vibration between the patient and the Creator. Many patients, before the diagnosis of disease, transform pain into hope, and awaken in them the will to fight for a better life. Others, however, give up, assuming they are under a death sentence.

    Regarding the process of human thought, the academic science, which is materialist by excellence, purpose that the phenomenon is purely physiological, due to incessant activity neuronal. But the Spiritists know that the mental matter is the creation of energy that externalises from the spirit and spreads by a flow of particles and waves, as any other form of propagation of energy in the universe. As in physical field, thought, in vary degrees of excitement, generates waves of length and frequency correspondents to the content of the creator impulse of will or desired objective.

    The reflections of thoughts returns to ourselves

    Thinking is a process of projection of mental matter and this matter "is the subtle instrument of will, working in formation of physical matter, generating the motives of pleasure or grief, joy or pain, optimism or despair, which do not reduce, effectively, abstractions, because they represent eddies of force where soul creates its own states of inductive mind, drawing to itself the players [for now imponderables] of light or shadow, victory or defeat, happiness or misfortune. " (3) In this respect, thought is not intangible anymore to substantiate in the condition of matter in motion.

    The reflections of negative feelings and thoughts that we feed ourselves come back to us, after being transformed in mental waves, confusing our organics functions. So, thought, as a subtle form of energy, acting in a kind of wave, with a speed much higher than light, when passing by places and creatures, situations and things, affects integrally our health. "When we surrender ourselves to imbalance or disruption or when we establish perturbation against us (...), we reflect in the psychosomatics tissues certain fields of rupture in cells harmony, creating morbid predisposition for this or that disease, and therefore the entire area affected becomes susceptible to microbial invasion. " (4)

    By thoughts of fear, exacerbated anxiety, disappointment, we slave ourselves in trunks of painful punishment, sentencing us, sometimes, to years of pilgrimage in the tracks of spiritual uneasiness. And to shorten the torment that plagues us in many ways our conscience, it is essential the renewal of our mind, the only way of recovery of spiritual harmony and physical health.

    Never discouraged when facing challenges of any disease

    Given this, try adopting strict discipline of mental and moral habits, setting as goals putting our duties above worldly pleasures and keeping us calm with the unique opportunity of current physical experience, which help us with spiritual information. Seek, above all, healthy habits of prayer, meditation and work, trying to enrich us with hope and joy, so we will never discouraged when facing the challenges any disease. "We must watch and pray so we will not fall in temptations, because it is better cry on the prods the resistance than smile under drugs of fall." (5)

    For all ills, and any diseases, focus our thoughts on Jesus, because "our medicine is and will always be Jesus”. We should adjust ourselves to the Redeemer Gospel, because Christ is the goal of our renovation. "By regenerating our existence by His standards we restructure the intimate lives of those that are around us. The Gospel of the Lord explains that the pure and working thought is the force that excels us from the darkness to light, from hatred to love, from pain to joy. " (6)


    1. Divaldo Franco Pereira. Page dictated by the Spirit Joanna de Angelis, in mediumistic session of the night of 15/12/1997 in Path of Redemption Spiritist Center in Salvador, Bahia. Text taken from the preface of the book: Attendance Fraternal spirit dictated by Philomena Manoel de Miranda.

    2. Xavier, Francisco Cândido. In the areas of Mediumship, dictated by the Spirit Andre Luiz, 14th edition, Rio de Janeiro: FEB Ed., 2001, pages: 118 to 125.

    3. Xavier, Francisco Cândido. Mechanisms of Mediumship, Spirit led André Luiz, RJ: FEB Ed., 2001.

    4. Article "An Integral Vision of Man," Spiritist Group Socorrista Euripides Barsanulfo available on site, accessed on 25/04/2006.

    5. Xavier, Francisco Cândido. Viva Source, dictated by the Spirit Emmanuel, Rio de Janeiro: Feb Ed., 2002, ch. 110.

    6. Xavier, Francisco Candido. In the areas of Mediumship, dictated by the Spirit Andre Luiz, 14th edition, Rio de Janeiro: FEB Ed., 2001, pages: 118 to 125.

    Climate change and its consequences

    In the face of natural disasters that have struck our planet,remember that in Jesus' hands rests
    the fate of the Earth

    Marcelo Damasceno do Vale -

    Research indicates that "climate change has killed about 315 people a year, hunger, disease or natural disasters, and the number will raise to 500 thousand by 2030." (1) The study estimates that the climate problem affects 325 million people annually and that in two decades, which number will double, reaching the equivalent of 10% of the world today. To minimize the impact, "we should multiply by a hundred efforts to adapt to the change in climate in developing countries."(2) The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, its acronym in English) in its vast assessment of the issue, made in 2008, concluded that since temperatures began rising rapidly in 70 years, the greenhouse gases produced by man, had a weight 13 times more global warming than the variation of solar activity.

    Almost 25% of the world is threatened by flooding as a result of melting of the Arctic, according to a study published in August 2009, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). As the ice extent decreases, and the ocean surface increases, the amount of solar energy absorbed also increases. Recently, a glacier melted and Switzerland won 150 meters of land, originally Italian. The line, which determined the border, since 1942, moved. There was melting fields, permanently covered with snow in the Alps, as a result of global warming also can destroy 85% of the Amazon. Global warming releases large amounts of methane [greenhouse gas] in the polar region. Until now, these gases were "trapped in the ice." This effect contributes, in turn, to the acceleration of melting in the Polar Regions.

    Given this change, an ice bridge [one block the size of Jamaica], which connects two islands in Antarctica, broke up - they said. The break may indicate that the block Wilkins, (3) is known as the territory, float freely, which will be one of the effects of changes caused by global warming.

    The company must format new models of coexistence, backed brotherhood and love

    In fact, many of the ice decreased in recent years in Antarctica, and six of them have collapsed completely, the sample from the glaciers of Prince Gustav Channel, Larsen Inlet, Larsen A, Larsen B, Wordie, Muller and Jones. Analysis shows that when the blocks are broken, the glaciers and ice masses begin to move toward the ocean. In 1985, scientists identified a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica, which continues to expand, frighteningly. The ozone depletion contributes to the "greenhouse phenomenon. The consequences of this syndrome are catastrophic, like global warming and climate change, precipitating the occurrence of hurricanes, severe storms and even earthquakes. The effects of El Nino and La Nina, too, are terrifying, because that accelerate the melting of polar ice caps, increasing consequently the sea level and flooding coastal areas. They include the records of shrinking glaciers in the Himalayas, the Andes, on Mount Kilimanjaro, and the only ski resort in Bolivia, Chacaltaya, ended his activity, the scarcity of snow in the region.

    It is urgent to create a critical mentality, which would establish new behaviors with a focus on sustainability of human life. The company must format new models of coexistence, backed brotherhood and love. The lack of awareness, of interdependence and complementarity between individuals, creates ever more intensely, the imbalance of nature.

    The scientist Stephen Hawking in his book "The Universe in a Nutshell", explains, in a curious way, that: "A butterfly flapping its wings in Tokyo can cause rain in Central Park in New York." (4) Hawking explains that "it is the beating of wings, simply to generate the rain, but the influence of this little movement on other events in other places it can lead ultimately to influence the climate." (5)

    In the United States, 55 million people think that lack little to end the world

    Because these throes of acute pain of nature, arise in various parts of the world, fanatical groups of people, creating sects and cults strangers, leave employment, family, waiting for the "doomsday". Only in France, according to the magazine ISTOÉ of 4 August 1999, nearly 200 of them, with 300 thousand followers. In Japan, many "gurus" predict the "end of the world." In the United States, 55 million Americans think that lack little for the world over. For them, the hurricanes that have destroyed the central region of the country are angels sent to punish men, announcing the "high end". (6) It is not comforting in any way, the appearance of people with these bizarre beliefs, which are proliferating around the world, obscured the reason for the expectation of a "new era". Unfortunately, even in spirit hosts, there have been some books with ideas that lead the unsuspecting to the hypnosis panic or catastrophic worst possible scenario ...!

    Today, according to the Law of Cause and Effect, we do not have the talent of prophecy to predict the future landscape of the land. Earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, volcanic eruptions and other natural disasters are inevitable and will be part of the dynamics of nature. This does not mean we cannot do anything to make us less vulnerable. "Learning from the disasters of today to deal with future threats." (7) We are informed by the world famous Lyonnais, Allan Kardec, that the great phenomena of nature, those who are considered a disturbance of the elements, there are unforeseen circumstances, because "everything has a purpose and nothing happens without God's permission. (8) and the cataclysms "sometimes have a reason to be direct to the man. However, in most cases, aim to restore balance and harmony of the physical forces of nature." (9)

    The health concern is which results in uplifting achievements for the good of all

    Pessimists insist, always, in thinking that way, negative and dark, to see things in the world is a realistic way to live. In fact, if we look at life with a lot of emotion (far from thinking) will find plenty of reasons that we kill the animals, anywhere and in any situation, for example, we are faced daily with needy children; hunger universal wars, urban violence, kidnappings, famine, social insecurity, corruption, etc. catastrophic accidents. However, it is a duty towards our well-being, we adapted to life with all she has good and bad, without, necessarily, it stays stuck to the situations.

    Be concerned only and remain passive in the face of warning signs that nature gives us, is to model a chaotic future for generations to come. The health concern is which that results in gains uplifting for its own sake and for the good of all, fundamentally, for the next sister to come to reincarnate. This is a legitimate Christian. However difficult the challenges they are facing, due to the very human carelessness, spurred the desire to find harmony with Mother Nature. We must remember that Jesus is the Way that leads us to the enlightened concepts of Truth, where we received the glorious seed of wisdom, which dominate the centuries to come, preparing our earthly life to the heights of universal love in the deepest respect for nature.


    (1) Report as Global Humanitarian Forum (FHG), an institution based in Geneva.

    (2) Available in, Available in , accessed on August 27, 2009.

    (3) Details: The block Wilkins, the Antarctic Peninsula, is decreasing in size since the 1990s.

    (4) Hawking, Stephen. The Universe in a Nutshell, São Paulo: Ed. Mandarim, 2a Edition, (2002).

    (5) idem.

    (6) Published in the Journal ISTOÉ, edition of 4 August 1999.

    (7) Message from the former Secretary-General, Kofi Annan on the occasion of International Day For Disaster Reduction, 11 October 2006, as conveyed by the Regional Information Center of the UN in Brussels - Runic.

    (8) Kardec, Allan. The Spirits’ Book, RJ: Ed. FEB, 2001, question 536.

    (9) idem.